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(Created page with '{{BG_CHAPNAV|{{PAGENAME}}}} '''BG 17.1 (1972):''' Arjuna inquired: O Kṛṣṇa, what is the situation of those who do not follow the principles of scripture but worship ac…')
 
 
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[[Category:Bhagavad-gita As It Is (1972) - Chapter 17|1]]
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<div style="float:left">'''[[Bhagavad-gita As It Is (1972)]] - Chapter 17: The Divisions of Faith'''</div>
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<div style="float:right">[[File:Go-previous.png|link=BG 16 (1972)]] '''[[BG 16 (1972)]] - [[BG 18 (1972)]]''' [[File:Go-next.png|link=BG 18 (1972)]]</div>
  
'''[[BG 17.1 (1972)]]:''' Arjuna inquired: O Kṛṣṇa, what is the situation of those who do not follow the principles of scripture but worship according to their own imagination? Are they in goodness, in passion or in ignorance?
 
  
'''[[BG 17.2 (1972)]]:''' The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: According to the modes of nature acquired by the embodied soul, one's faith can be of three kinds — in goodness, in passion or in ignorance. Now hear about this.
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[[File:BG-chapter.png|308px|right|alt=Chapter 17: The Divisions of Faith|link=]]
  
'''[[BG 17.3 (1972)]]:''' O son of Bharata, according to one's existence under the various modes of nature, one evolves a particular kind of faith. The living being is said to be of a particular faith according to the modes he has acquired.
 
  
'''[[BG 17.4 (1972)]]:''' Men in the mode of goodness worship the demigods; those in the mode of passion worship the demons; and those in the mode of ignorance worship ghosts and spirits.
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'''[[BG 17.1 (1972)]]:''' Arjuna said, O Kṛṣṇa, what is the situation of one who does not follow the principles of scripture but worships according to his own imagination? Is he in goodness, in passion or in ignorance?
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'''[[BG 17.2 (1972)]]:''' The Supreme Lord said, according to the modes of nature acquired by the embodied soul, one's faith can be of three kinds-goodness, passion or ignorance. Now hear about these.
  
'''[[BG 17.5-6 (1972)]]:''' Those who undergo severe austerities and penances not recommended in the scriptures, performing them out of pride and egoism, who are impelled by lust and attachment, who are foolish and who torture the material elements of the body as well as the Supersoul dwelling within, are to be known as demons.
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'''[[BG 17.3 (1972)]]:''' According to one's existence under the various modes of nature, one evolves a particular kind of faith. The living being is said to be of a particular faith according to the modes he has acquired.
  
'''[[BG 17.7 (1972)]]:''' Even the food each person prefers is of three kinds, according to the three modes of material nature. The same is true of sacrifices, austerities and charity. Now hear of the distinctions between them.
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'''[[BG 17.4 (1972)]]:''' Men in the mode of goodness worship the demigods; those in the mode of passion worship the demons; and those in the mode of ignorance worship ghosts and spirits.
  
'''[[BG 17.8 (1972)]]:''' Foods dear to those in the mode of goodness increase the duration of life, purify one's existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. Such foods are juicy, fatty, wholesome, and pleasing to the heart.
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'''[[BG 17.5-6 (1972)]]:''' Those who undergo severe austerities and penances not recommended in the scriptures, performing them out of pride, egotism, lust and attachment, who are impelled by passion and who torture their bodily organs as well as the Supersoul dwelling within are to be known as demons.
  
'''[[BG 17.9 (1972)]]:''' Foods that are too bitter, too sour, salty, hot, pungent, dry and burning are dear to those in the mode of passion. Such foods cause distress, misery and disease.
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'''[[BG 17.7 (1972)]]:''' Even food of which all partake is of three kinds, according to the three modes of material nature. The same is true of sacrifices, austerities and charity. Listen, and I shall tell you of the distinctions of these.
  
'''[[BG 17.10 (1972)]]:''' Food prepared more than three hours before being eaten, food that is tasteless, decomposed and putrid, and food consisting of remnants and untouchable things is dear to those in the mode of darkness.
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'''[[BG 17.8-10 (1972)]]:''' Foods in the mode of goodness increase the duration of life, purify one's existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. Such nourishing foods are sweet, juicy, fattening and palatable. Foods that are too bitter, too sour, salty, pungent, dry and hot, are liked by people in the modes of passion. Such foods cause pain, distress, and disease. Food cooked more than three hours before being eaten, which is tasteless, stale, putrid, decomposed and unclean, is food liked by people in the mode of ignorance.
  
'''[[BG 17.11 (1972)]]:''' Of sacrifices, the sacrifice performed according to the directions of scripture, as a matter of duty, by those who desire no reward, is of the nature of goodness.
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'''[[BG 17.11 (1972)]]:''' Of sacrifices, that sacrifice performed according to duty and to scriptural rules, and with no expectation of reward, is of the nature of goodness.
  
'''[[BG 17.12 (1972)]]:''' But the sacrifice performed for some material benefit, or for the sake of pride, O chief of the Bhāratas, you should know to be in the mode of passion.
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'''[[BG 17.12 (1972)]]:''' But that sacrifice performed for some material end or benefit or performed ostentatiously, out of pride, is of the nature of passion, O chief of the Bhāratas.
  
'''[[BG 17.13 (1972)]]:''' Any sacrifice performed without regard for the directions of scripture, without distribution of prasādam [spiritual food], without chanting of Vedic hymns and remunerations to the priests, and without faith is considered to be in the mode of ignorance.
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'''[[BG 17.13 (1972)]]:''' And that sacrifice performed in defiance of scriptural injunctions, in which no spiritual food is distributed, no hymns are chanted and no remunerations are made to the priests, and which is faithless—that sacrifice is of the nature of ignorance.
  
'''[[BG 17.14 (1972)]]:''' Austerity of the body consists in worship of the Supreme Lord, the brāhmaṇas, the spiritual master, and superiors like the father and mother, and in cleanliness, simplicity, celibacy and nonviolence.
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'''[[BG 17.14 (1972)]]:''' The austerity of the body consists in this: worship of the Supreme Lord, the brāhmaṇas, the spiritual master, and superiors like the father and mother. Cleanliness, simplicity, celibacy and nonviolence are also austerities of the body.
  
'''[[BG 17.15 (1972)]]:''' Austerity of speech consists in speaking words that are truthful, pleasing, beneficial, and not agitating to others, and also in regularly reciting Vedic literature.
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'''[[BG 17.15 (1972)]]:''' Austerity of speech consists in speaking truthfully and beneficially and in avoiding speech that offends. One should also recite the Vedas regularly.
  
'''[[BG 17.16 (1972)]]:''' And satisfaction, simplicity, gravity, self-control and purification of one's existence are the austerities of the mind.
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'''[[BG 17.16 (1972)]]:''' And serenity, simplicity, gravity, self-control and purity of thought are the austerities of the mind.
  
'''[[BG 17.17 (1972)]]:''' This threefold austerity, performed with transcendental faith by men not expecting material benefits but engaged only for the sake of the Supreme, is called austerity in goodness.
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'''[[BG 17.17 (1972)]]:''' This threefold austerity, practiced by men whose aim is not to benefit themselves materially but to please the Supreme, is of the nature of goodness.
  
'''[[BG 17.18 (1972)]]:''' Penance performed out of pride and for the sake of gaining respect, honor and worship is said to be in the mode of passion. It is neither stable nor permanent.
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'''[[BG 17.18 (1972)]]:''' Those ostentatious penances and austerities which are performed in order to gain respect, honor and reverence are said to be in the mode of passion. They are neither stable nor permanent.
  
'''[[BG 17.19 (1972)]]:''' Penance performed out of foolishness, with self-torture or to destroy or injure others, is said to be in the mode of ignorance.
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'''[[BG 17.19 (1972)]]:''' And those penances and austerities which are performed foolishly by means of obstinant self-torture, or to destroy or injure others, are said to be in the mode of ignorance.
  
'''[[BG 17.20 (1972)]]:''' Charity given out of duty, without expectation of return, at the proper time and place, and to a worthy person is considered to be in the mode of goodness.
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'''[[BG 17.20 (1972)]]:''' That gift which is given out of duty, at the proper time and place, to a worthy person, and without expectation of return, is considered to be charity in the mode of goodness.
  
 
'''[[BG 17.21 (1972)]]:''' But charity performed with the expectation of some return, or with a desire for fruitive results, or in a grudging mood, is said to be charity in the mode of passion.
 
'''[[BG 17.21 (1972)]]:''' But charity performed with the expectation of some return, or with a desire for fruitive results, or in a grudging mood, is said to be charity in the mode of passion.
  
'''[[BG 17.22 (1972)]]:''' And charity performed at an impure place, at an improper time, to unworthy persons, or without proper attention and respect is said to be in the mode of ignorance.
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'''[[BG 17.22 (1972)]]:''' And charity performed at an improper place and time and given to unworthy persons without respect and with contempt is charity in the mode of ignorance.
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'''[[BG 17.23 (1972)]]:''' From the beginning of creation, the three syllables-om tat sat-have been used to indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth [Brahman]. They were uttered by brāhmaṇas while chanting Vedic hymns and during sacrifices, for the satisfaction of the Supreme.
  
'''[[BG 17.23 (1972)]]:''' From the beginning of creation, the three words oḿ tat sat were used to indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth. These three symbolic representations were used by brāhmaṇas while chanting the hymns of the Vedas and during sacrifices for the satisfaction of the Supreme.
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'''[[BG 17.24 (1972)]]:''' Thus the transcendentalists undertake sacrifices, charities, and penances, beginning always with om, to attain the Supreme.
  
'''[[BG 17.24 (1972)]]:''' Therefore, transcendentalists undertaking performances of sacrifice, charity and penance in accordance with scriptural regulations begin always with oḿ, to attain the Supreme.
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'''[[BG 17.25 (1972)]]:''' One should perform sacrifice, penance and charity with the word tat. The purpose of such transcendental activities is to get free from the material entanglement.
  
'''[[BG 17.25 (1972)]]:''' Without desiring fruitive results, one should perform various kinds of sacrifice, penance and charity with the word tat. The purpose of such transcendental activities is to get free from material entanglement.
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'''[[BG 17.26-27 (1972)]]:''' The Absolute Truth is the objective of devotional sacrifice, and it is indicated by the word sat. These works of sacrifice, of penance and of charity, true to the absolute nature, are performed to please the Supreme Person, O son of Pṛthā.
  
'''[[BG 17.26-27 (1972)]]:''' The Absolute Truth is the objective of devotional sacrifice, and it is indicated by the word sat. The performer of such sacrifice is also called sat, as are all works of sacrifice, penance and charity which, true to the absolute nature, are performed to please the Supreme Person, O son of Pṛthā.
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'''[[BG 17.28 (1972)]]:''' But sacrifices, austerities and charities performed without faith in the Supreme are nonpermanent, O son of Pṛthā, regardless of whatever rites are performed. They are called asat and are useless both in this life and the next.
  
'''[[BG 17.28 (1972)]]:''' Anything done as sacrifice, charity or penance without faith in the Supreme, O son of Pṛthā, is impermanent. It is called asat and is useless both in this life and the next.
 
  
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<div style="float:right; clear:both;">[[File:Go-previous.png|link=BG 16 (1972)]] '''[[BG 16 (1972)]] - [[BG 18 (1972)]]''' [[File:Go-next.png|link=BG 18 (1972)]]</div>

Latest revision as of 18:07, 19 April 2017

Bhagavad-gita As It Is (1972) - Chapter 17: The Divisions of Faith


Chapter 17: The Divisions of Faith


BG 17.1 (1972): Arjuna said, O Kṛṣṇa, what is the situation of one who does not follow the principles of scripture but worships according to his own imagination? Is he in goodness, in passion or in ignorance?

BG 17.2 (1972): The Supreme Lord said, according to the modes of nature acquired by the embodied soul, one's faith can be of three kinds-goodness, passion or ignorance. Now hear about these.

BG 17.3 (1972): According to one's existence under the various modes of nature, one evolves a particular kind of faith. The living being is said to be of a particular faith according to the modes he has acquired.

BG 17.4 (1972): Men in the mode of goodness worship the demigods; those in the mode of passion worship the demons; and those in the mode of ignorance worship ghosts and spirits.

BG 17.5-6 (1972): Those who undergo severe austerities and penances not recommended in the scriptures, performing them out of pride, egotism, lust and attachment, who are impelled by passion and who torture their bodily organs as well as the Supersoul dwelling within are to be known as demons.

BG 17.7 (1972): Even food of which all partake is of three kinds, according to the three modes of material nature. The same is true of sacrifices, austerities and charity. Listen, and I shall tell you of the distinctions of these.

BG 17.8-10 (1972): Foods in the mode of goodness increase the duration of life, purify one's existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. Such nourishing foods are sweet, juicy, fattening and palatable. Foods that are too bitter, too sour, salty, pungent, dry and hot, are liked by people in the modes of passion. Such foods cause pain, distress, and disease. Food cooked more than three hours before being eaten, which is tasteless, stale, putrid, decomposed and unclean, is food liked by people in the mode of ignorance.

BG 17.11 (1972): Of sacrifices, that sacrifice performed according to duty and to scriptural rules, and with no expectation of reward, is of the nature of goodness.

BG 17.12 (1972): But that sacrifice performed for some material end or benefit or performed ostentatiously, out of pride, is of the nature of passion, O chief of the Bhāratas.

BG 17.13 (1972): And that sacrifice performed in defiance of scriptural injunctions, in which no spiritual food is distributed, no hymns are chanted and no remunerations are made to the priests, and which is faithless—that sacrifice is of the nature of ignorance.

BG 17.14 (1972): The austerity of the body consists in this: worship of the Supreme Lord, the brāhmaṇas, the spiritual master, and superiors like the father and mother. Cleanliness, simplicity, celibacy and nonviolence are also austerities of the body.

BG 17.15 (1972): Austerity of speech consists in speaking truthfully and beneficially and in avoiding speech that offends. One should also recite the Vedas regularly.

BG 17.16 (1972): And serenity, simplicity, gravity, self-control and purity of thought are the austerities of the mind.

BG 17.17 (1972): This threefold austerity, practiced by men whose aim is not to benefit themselves materially but to please the Supreme, is of the nature of goodness.

BG 17.18 (1972): Those ostentatious penances and austerities which are performed in order to gain respect, honor and reverence are said to be in the mode of passion. They are neither stable nor permanent.

BG 17.19 (1972): And those penances and austerities which are performed foolishly by means of obstinant self-torture, or to destroy or injure others, are said to be in the mode of ignorance.

BG 17.20 (1972): That gift which is given out of duty, at the proper time and place, to a worthy person, and without expectation of return, is considered to be charity in the mode of goodness.

BG 17.21 (1972): But charity performed with the expectation of some return, or with a desire for fruitive results, or in a grudging mood, is said to be charity in the mode of passion.

BG 17.22 (1972): And charity performed at an improper place and time and given to unworthy persons without respect and with contempt is charity in the mode of ignorance.

BG 17.23 (1972): From the beginning of creation, the three syllables-om tat sat-have been used to indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth [Brahman]. They were uttered by brāhmaṇas while chanting Vedic hymns and during sacrifices, for the satisfaction of the Supreme.

BG 17.24 (1972): Thus the transcendentalists undertake sacrifices, charities, and penances, beginning always with om, to attain the Supreme.

BG 17.25 (1972): One should perform sacrifice, penance and charity with the word tat. The purpose of such transcendental activities is to get free from the material entanglement.

BG 17.26-27 (1972): The Absolute Truth is the objective of devotional sacrifice, and it is indicated by the word sat. These works of sacrifice, of penance and of charity, true to the absolute nature, are performed to please the Supreme Person, O son of Pṛthā.

BG 17.28 (1972): But sacrifices, austerities and charities performed without faith in the Supreme are nonpermanent, O son of Pṛthā, regardless of whatever rites are performed. They are called asat and are useless both in this life and the next.