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720327 - Lecture BG 07.10 - Bombay

His Divine Grace
A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

720327BG-BOMBAY - March 27, 1972 - 30:41 Minutes


. . . bhūtānāṁ
viddhi pārtha sanātanam
buddhir buddhimatām asmi
tejas tejasvinām aham
(BG 7.10)

Now Kṛṣṇa says, bījaṁ māṁ sarva-bhūtānāṁ. Bījaṁ means seed. Yathā-bījaṁ yathā-yoni (SB 6.1.54). For generating, there are two parts: the male part and female part. So the male part is Kṛṣṇa, bījaṁ, and the female part is the material nature. Ahaṁ bīja-pradaḥ pita (BG 14.4), in another place it is stated. Sarva-yoniṣu kaunteya sambhavanti mūrtayaḥ yāḥ. Sarva-yoniṣu. Yoni means the source of birth, mother; and bījaṁ means father. So this material world, anything which is visible or not visible, they are born of these two parts:

sarva-yoniṣu kaunteya
sambhavanti mūrtayaḥ
yāḥ tāsāṁ mahad yonir
(BG 14.4)

Mahat, this mahat-tattva, total material energy. So one can understand by taking lesson from different varieties of living entities coming out of this material nature. Just like there is one earth, but different varieties of plants are coming out, even without our endeavor.

Of course, in our garden we take care of sowing different types of seeds, but in a jungle you can go and see there are varieties of plants and trees, they are coming out of the earth and they are producing different varieties of fruits and flowers. So, "The variety is the mother of enjoyment." You cannot make it impersonal. Variety means each and every thing is a personal, individual being. That is variety.

As Kṛṣṇa has already explained, puṇyo gandhaḥ pṛthivyāṁ ca (BG 7.9). There are reservoir of different flavor within the earth, but according to the bīja, they are coming out differently. There is rose scent, there is lotus scent, there are varieties of scent—they are already within the earth. But our materialistic scientist, they cannot take out any flavor from the earth. They have to take the flavor from the flowers, not from the earth.

So ultimately, as Kṛṣṇa says, that ahaṁ kṛtsnasya jagataḥ prabhavaḥ pralayas tathā (BG 7.6): ultimately He is the origin of everything, sarva-kāraṇa-kāraṇam. We should always remember this verse of Brahmā-saṁhitā.

īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
anādir ādir govindaḥ
(Brahmā-saṁhitā 5.1)

Now here is the difference between God and human being. We are also part and parcel of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, so we have got all the qualities of God, but in very, very minute quantity, because we are very minute. Therefore all the qualities of God which we have inherited, or which are already within us, they are also very minute. The intelligence is also minute. Everything is minute.

Somebody was talking with me that, "Why should we give more credit to Kṛṣṇa, or God? We are also manufacturing things. It is something like watch or clock, you wind it—there is spring—and it will go on. Similarly it is going on, everything is going on. So there is no difference between God's intelligence and our intelligence." That was his argument.

So I replied: "Yes, there is no difference so far intelligence is concerned, but God creates one male and female, and thousands and thousands and millions of entities are coming out of those two male and female. But you cannot manufacture a male watch and female watch so that by those two watches you can produce innumerable watches. That is not possible. That is in God's hand. So you have to prepare each and every watch, whereas if God wants to manufacture watches, then He will make one male and one female, and out of them many millions of watches will come out. That is the difference."

So we cannot compare our intelligence with God's intelligence, although qualitatively we are both the same. Just like the drop of seawater and the whole mass of seawater, the chemical composition is the same, but the quantity is different. We may have creative power—we may have . . . we have intelligence, creative power—but not just to the comparison of God. That is not possible.

This is explained in another place in the Bhagavad-gītā, when Arjuna was informed that Kṛṣṇa, long, long ago, He instructed this Bhagavad-gītā, philosophy of Bhagavad-gītā, to the sun-god. So that calculation becomes about forty millions of years. So Arjuna said: "My dear Kṛṣṇa, we are contemporary—practically we are born of the same date—so how is that I can believe that long, long years ago, so many millions of years ago, You instructed this Bhagavad-gītā philosophy to the sun-god?"

The reply was, "My dear Arjuna, both you and Me, we are born many times, but you have forgotten; I remember." That is the difference. Our remembrance, our memory, is very small. We cannot remember even what we were doing just this time in the morning. So we have to remember it. So we cannot be, in any way, we cannot be compared with God at any circumstances, although the quality is the same.

So bījaṁ māṁ sarva-bhūtānāṁ (BG 7.10). We may be bījaṁ, or the father, father of say ten children or fifty children, or say formerly people used to give birth one hundred children also, as we get information from the history. Just like Dhṛtarāṣṭra, he gave birth to one hundred children. Ṛṣabhadeva, King Ṛṣabhadeva, He also gave birth to one hundred children. So we may be able to give birth say a hundred or fifty or ten, but Kṛṣṇa says: "I am the father of sarva-bhūtānāṁ." There are unlimited number of living entities, asaṅkhya. The living entities, they are also calculated in the Padma Purāna:

satadhā kalpitasya ca
jīvo bhāgasya vijñeyaḥ
sa anantāya kalpate
(Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad 5.9)

Anantāya: there is no limit. Nobody can count how many living entities are there. Paramāṇu. Just like we cannot count how many paramāṇus or atoms are there within this universe. It is not possible. Similarly, we cannot count.

In the Vedas also it is stated, nityo nityānām cetanaś cetanānām (Kaṭha Upaniṣad 2.2.13). So the nitya, eternal; and cetana means living being. So Kṛṣṇa, or God, He is the chief living being, or the chief eternal, nityo nityānām, and we living entities—innumerable. He is one, but we are many, plural number, nityo nityānām. So one nitya is singular number; the other nityas are plural number.

The plural number nityas are the living entities. The plural number of eternals . . . we are also eternal. Na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre (BG 2.20). After quitting this body we accept another body, tathā dehāntara-prāptir (BG 2.13). This is our material position. And there are so many, innumerable—but each one of us are different from one another. That is the conclusion. Yena sarvam idaṁ tatam.

avināśi tu tad viddhi
yena sarvam idaṁ tatam
(BG 2.17)

I am soul, you are also soul, so your consciousness is spread all over your body, my consciousness is spread all over my body. But my consciousness is not spread over your body, neither your consciousness is spread over my body. Therefore we are individual. Therefore each one of us are individual living entities. You cannot say that we are homogenous. No. Each one . . .

That is also explained in the Second Chapter of Bhagavad-gītā that, "All these living entities," Kṛṣṇa said: "I, you and all these living entities, or the kings and the soldiers assembled, we are existing in the past, we are existing at present, and we shall continue to exist in the future." And here also it is said:

bījaṁ māṁ sarva-bhūtānāṁ
viddhi pārtha sanātanam
(BG 7.10)

Sanātanam. Sanātanam means eternally. Not that "By some way or other I am now separated from the Supreme Whole, and I am now covered by māyā, and when I will be freed from the cover of māyā I shall be one with the Supreme." No. That is not. Here it is clearly said, bījaṁ māṁ sarva-bhūtānāṁ. Sarva-bhūtānāṁ—all living entities—they are also eternal, and they are sanātana. That means eternally we, the living entities, are individual, different individuals. In another place Kṛṣṇa says:

kṣetra-jñaṁ cāpi māṁ viddhi
sarva-kṣetreṣu bhārata
(BG 13.3)

Sarva-kṣetreṣu. Kṣetra means this body. "In each and every body, I am living." You are living, but I do not know what is going on in you and what is going on in me, but Kṛṣṇa knows. He is another kṣetra-jña. I am kṣetra-jña, living soul within my body, and you are a living soul within your body. You do not know what pains and pleasure I am feeling; I do not know what pains and pleasure you are feeling. But Kṛṣṇa says, as Paramātmā, sarva-kṣetreṣu bhārata. Kṣetra-jña. He knows what kind of pains and pleasure I am feeling, what kind of pains and pleasure you are feeling—or all the living entities.

īśvaraḥ sarva-bhūtānāṁ
hṛd-deśe 'rjuna tiṣṭhati
(BG 18.61)

Kṛṣṇa, as the Paramātmā, He is staying with every living entity. So all living entities and Kṛṣṇa also, we are all individual beings. There is no question of being amalgamated. It is said sanātana.

bījaṁ māṁ sarva-bhūtānāṁ
viddhi pārtha sanātanam
(BG 7.10)

Sanātanam—eternal. Eternally we are different from one another. Not that at any time we are all one, together, and now by chance . . . beside that, in another place you will find that the cetana, the living spirit, cannot be cut into pieces; cannot be dried up, cannot be cut into pieces. So it is not that by chance we have been cut into pieces. No. Eternally we are different from the Supreme Soul; we are individual souls.

bījaṁ māṁ sarva-bhūtānāṁ
viddhi pārtha sanātanam
buddhir buddhimatām asmi
(BG 7.10)

Now, without intelligence being given by the Supersoul, we cannot act. Buddhir buddhimatām asmi. Those who are intelligent . . . everyone is intelligent, but the source of intelligence is Kṛṣṇa. We are not independently intelligent. This is also explained in another chapter, Fifteenth Chapter:

sarvasya cāhaṁ hṛdi sanniviṣṭo
mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaṁ ca
(BG 15.15)

If Kṛṣṇa likes, then He can make immediately remembering. He can make me remembering many past incidences. That is possible. Perhaps you know, sometimes a child is born and he can speak about his past life. That is due to Kṛṣṇa giving him the power of remembering about his past life. So whatever we are acting, we are acting with the intelligence of Kṛṣṇa, buddhir buddhimatām asmi.

We cannot have . . . just like in a factory there are hundreds of men are working, but there is one core man, he is giving the intelligence: "You do like this; you do like this." Similarly, whatever we are acting, doing, the intelligence is coming from Kṛṣṇa, mattaḥ. Mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaṁ ca.

Now the question may be, "Why different intelligence are there? Is God very partial, that He is giving somebody very good intelligence and the other not very good intelligence? Why this difference?" The difference is God's kindness. If I want to act in some way, Kṛṣṇa will give me intelligence in that way. If I want to become a devotee, Kṛṣṇa will give me intelligence how to become a perfect devotee.

And if I want to become a demon, Kṛṣṇa will help me how I can become a perfect demon. That is the difference. But the buddhi, or the intelligence, is coming from Kṛṣṇa. Kṛṣṇa as Supersoul, He will give you intelligence. That is explained in another place, in the Eighth Chapter. It is said that:

teṣāṁ satata-yuktānāṁ
bhajatāṁ prīti-pūrvakam
buddhi-yogaṁ dadāmi taṁ
yena mām upayānti te
(BG 10.10)

Yena mām upayānti te. Everyone should try to go back to home, back to Godhead. So this is the process: teṣāṁ satata-yuktānāṁ bhajatāṁ prīti-pūrvakam. One who is engaged twenty-four hours, satata—not that official, to engage oneself in little meditation for fifteen minutes. No. Kṛṣṇa says twenty-four hours, always, satata-yuktānāṁ. Those who are engaged in devotional service twenty-four hours, always: teṣāṁ satata-yuktānāṁ bhajatāṁ. Bhajatāṁ, bhajan. Bhajan means service, bhaja-sevāyām. Bhaj-dhātu is used for giving service.

So one who is engaged twenty-four hours to give service to the Lord, Kṛṣṇa, bhajatāṁ—prīti-pūrvakam, with love, loving service, not that official service: "My Guru Mahārāja says to rise early in the morning. I cannot do. All right, let me rise. But I do not like to rise." This is not prīti. Prīti means love: "Oh, I must do it."

Just like if I love somebody, if he makes engagement, "Please see me at such-and-such hour," oh, I immediately go. Immediately I will go, in spite of all my difficulties—because there is love. So therefore to serve Kṛṣṇa always with love and faith, such person:

teṣāṁ satata-yuktānāṁ
bhajatāṁ prīti-pūrvakam
buddhi-yogaṁ dadāmi taṁ
(BG 10.10)

Kṛṣṇa is within; He will give intelligence, this buddhi, buddhi-matām. He will give intelligence. What kind of intelligence? Now, yena mām upayānti te: such intelligence that he may come back to home, back to Godhead. Such intelligence. Not to give him intelligence that he will go to hell.

In another place it is said, tān ahaṁ dviṣataḥ krūrān kṣipāmy ajasram anda yoniṣu (BG 16.19). Tān ahaṁ dviṣataḥ krūrān: those who are envious of God, or Kṛṣṇa—"Hah, these people are after God, after Kṛṣṇa." Just like there was a newspaper report, interview between our Tamāla Kṛṣṇa Gosvāmī. So many nonsense questions they have put that, "We are hungry. What Kṛṣṇa will do?" So these nonsense questions are put. Kṛṣṇa is giving him food. Without Kṛṣṇa's aid he cannot live even for a moment; still he is saying, "What Kṛṣṇa will do to the hungry people?" like that.

These are called dviṣataḥ. They are envious of Kṛṣṇa. "Why Kṛṣṇa can . . . will be God alone? I am also God. You are also God. We are all God." These are envious. So they are called demons, envious. So these envious persons, Kṛṣṇa says, tān ahaṁ dviṣataḥ krūrān. Dviṣataḥ, because they are so much envious and stupid, cruel, krūrān. Cruel means full of duplicities. Such persons, tān ahaṁ dviṣataḥ krūrān kṣipāmy ajasram anda yoniṣu (BG 16.19).

So there are two kinds of intelligence going on: to the demons a certain type of intelligence, and to the devotee a certain type of intelligence. Therefore Kṛṣṇa says, buddhir buddhimatām asmi (BG 7.10). You don’t take it as stereotype, that He is giving intelligence equally to everyone. No. He is giving . . .

Therefore we see varieties of men, but these varieties of intelligence, because we want, we want to work in such a way, and Kṛṣṇa helps us. Kṛṣṇa simply upadṛṣṭā anumanta (BG 13.23). This word is used, anumanta: "giving permission." Permission means without Kṛṣṇa's permission you cannot act, because:

sarvasya cāhaṁ hṛdi sanniviṣṭo
mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam . . .
(BG 15.15)

Unless He says that, "Yes, you can do it," you cannot do it. There is a proverb that, "Without the will of the Supreme, not a blade of grass moves." So without God's sanction you cannot do anything. That's a fact. But He gives you sanction as you desire. "Man proposes, God disposes." But without His sanction you cannot do. (break)

buddhir buddhimatām asmi
tejas tejasvinām aham
(BG 7.10)

Tejas means a special power. We find varieties of men, varieties of animal, and there are different types of tejas: power, activity, influence. So whenever we find something special, either in the demonic way or in the devotional way . . . just like when Hiraṇyakaśipu challenged his son, Prahlāda. Prahlāda was devotee, and he was speaking very straightly.

The Prahlāda's father asked him, "My dear Prahlāda, can you say anything very good which you have learned from your school?" Prahlāda said, "Yes, my dear father." But he did not address him as "father", he said asura-varya. He said: "My dear the best of the demons." Tat sādhu manye 'sura-varya dehināṁ. Asura-varya. He does not address his father as "father." He says: "My dear asura-varya, my dear best of the demons."

tat sādhu manye 'sura-varya dehināṁ
sadā samudvigna-dhiyām asad-grahāt
(SB 7.5.5)

"I have learned this: that for the persons, materialistic persons, who are always anxious," sadā samudvigna-dhiyām, "For them the best thing is hitvātma-pātaṁ gṛham andha-kūpaṁ vanaṁ gato yad dharim āśrayeta." These instructions are there.

So there are two kinds of men. One class is called asura, and the other class is called demigods. So demigods means those who are devotees of Lord Viṣṇu, and asura means those who are envious or inimical to the Personality of Godhead. They are called asuras. So this buddhimatām, teja, everything is given by Kṛṣṇa. Just like the same example: Prahlāda Mahārāja, when his father was challenged . . . challenged him: "My dear Prahlāda, wherefrom have you got all this God conscious, Kṛṣṇa conscious knowledge? How do you speak?" He said: "My dear father, the same source wherefrom you have also got these demonic power." This was the answer. "The same source." Janmādy asya yato (SB 1.1.1). "You are talking like a demon, but you have derived the demonic power from Kṛṣṇa. And I am talking like a Vaiṣṇava; I have also derived power from Kṛṣṇa." Therefore Kṛṣṇa said:

buddhir buddhimatām asmi
tejas tejasvinām aham
(BG 7.10)
balaṁ balavatāṁ cāhaṁ
dharmāviruddho bhūteṣu
kāmo 'smi bharatarṣabha
(BG 7.11)

Dharmāviruddho kāma. Kāma—lust. Lust, lust for sex life, kāma, or any sense gratification—if it is not against religious principles, then Kṛṣṇa says: "I am that kāma. I am that lust." Therefore according to Vedic system, lust . . . (break) (end)