BG 5.15 (1972)
- नादत्ते कस्यचित्पापं न चैव सुकृतं विभुः ।
- अज्ञानेनावृतं ज्ञानं तेन मुह्यन्ति जन्तवः ॥१५॥
- nādatte kasyacit pāpaṁ
- na caiva sukṛtaṁ vibhuḥ
- ajñānenāvṛtaṁ jñānaṁ
- tena muhyanti jantavaḥ
na—never; ādatte—accepts; kasyacit—anyone's; pāpam—sin; na—nor; ca—also; eva—certainly; sukṛtam—pious activities; vibhuḥ—the Supreme Lord; ajñānena—by ignorance; āvṛtam—covered; jñānam—knowledge; tena—by that; muhyanti—bewildered; jantavaḥ—the living entities.
Nor does the Supreme Spirit assume anyone's sinful or pious activities. Embodied beings, however, are bewildered because of the ignorance which covers their real knowledge.
The Sanskrit word vibhuḥ means the Supreme Lord who is full of unlimited knowledge, riches, strength, fame, beauty and renunciation. He is always satisfied in Himself, undisturbed by sinful or pious activities. He does not create a particular situation for any living entity, but the living entity, bewildered by ignorance, desires to be put into certain conditions of life, and thereby his chain of action and reaction begins. A living entity is, by superior nature, full of knowledge. Nevertheless, he is prone to be influenced by ignorance due to his limited power. The Lord is omnipotent, but the living entity is not. The Lord is vibhu, or omniscient, but the living entity is aṇu, or atomic. Because he is a living soul, he has the capacity to desire by his free will. Such desire is fulfilled only by the omnipotent Lord. And so, when the living entity is bewildered in his desires, the Lord allows him to fulfill those desires, but the Lord is never responsible for the actions and reactions of the particular situation which may be desired. Being in a bewildered condition, therefore, the embodied soul identifies himself with the circumstantial material body and becomes subjected to the temporary misery and happiness of life. The Lord is the constant companion of the living entity as Paramātmā, or the Supersoul, and therefore He can understand the desires of the individual soul, as one can smell the flavor of a flower by being near it. Desire is a subtle form of conditioning of the living entity. The Lord fulfills his desire as he deserves: Man proposes and God disposes. The individual is not, therefore, omnipotent in fulfilling his desires. The Lord, however, can fulfill all desires, and the Lord, being neutral to everyone, does not interfere with the desires of the minute independant living entities. However, when one desires Kṛṣṇa, the Lord takes special care and encourages one to desire in such a way that one can attain to Him and be eternally happy. The Vedic hymn therefore declares:
- eṣa u hy eva sādhu karma kārayati taṁ yamebhyo lokebhya unninīṣate
- eṣa u evāsādhu karma kārayati yamadho ninīṣate.
- ajño jantur anīso 'yam ātmanaḥ sukha-duḥkhayoḥ
- īśvara-prerito gacchet svargaṁ vāśvabhram eva ca.
"The Lord engages the living entity in pious activities so he may be elevated. The Lord engages him in impious activities so he may go to hell. The living entity is completely dependant in his distress and happiness. By the will of the Supreme he can go to heaven or hell, as a cloud is driven by the air."
Therefore the embodied soul, by his immemorial desire to avoid Kṛṣṇa consciousness, causes his own bewilderment. Consequently, although he is constitutionally eternal, blissful and cognizant, due to the littleness of his existence he forgets his constitutional position of service to the Lord and is thus entrapped by nescience. And, under the spell of ignorance, the living entity claims that the Lord is responsible for his conditional existence. The Vedānta-sūtras also confirm this:
- vaiṣamya-nairghṛṇye na sāpekṣatvāt tathā hi darśayati.
"The Lord neither hates nor likes anyone, though He appears to."