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SB 10.24.22

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His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


sattvaṁ rajas tama iti
rajasotpadyate viśvam
anyonyaṁ vividhaṁ jagat


sattvam—goodness; rajaḥ—passion; tamaḥ—and ignorance; iti—thus; sthiti—of maintenance; utpatti—creation; anta—and destruction; hetavaḥ—the causes; rajasā—by the mode of passion; utpadyate—is generated; viśvam—this universe; anyonyam—by combination of male and female; vividham—becomes variegated; jagat—the world.

Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


The causes of creation, maintenance and destruction are the three modes of nature—namely goodness, passion and ignorance. In particular, the mode of passion creates this universe and through sexual combination causes it to become full of variety.


Anticipating the possible objection that a livelihood based on cows certainly depends on Lord Indra, who supplies rain, Lord Kṛṣṇa here introduces a mechanistic theory of existence known as atheistic Sāṅkhya. The tendency to attribute exclusive causality to the apparently mechanistic functions of nature is an old tendency indeed. Five thousand years ago Lord Kṛṣṇa referred to a doctrine already well known in human society.

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