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SB 10.85.23

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His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada


Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda

TEXT 23

ahaṁ yūyam asāv ārya
ime ca dvārakāukasaḥ
sarve 'py evaṁ yadu-śreṣṭha
vimṛgyāḥ sa-carācaram


SYNONYMS

aham—I; yūyam—you; asau—He; āryaḥ—My respected brother (Balarāma); ime—these; ca—and; dvārakā-okasaḥ—inhabitants of Dvārakā; sarve—all; api—even; evam—in this same way; yadu-śreṣṭha—O best of the Yadus; vimṛgyāḥ—to be considered; sa—along with; cara—that which moves; acaram—and that which does not move.

Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


TRANSLATION

Not only I, but also you, along with My respected brother and these residents of Dvārakā, should all be considered in this same philosophical light, O best of the Yadus. Indeed, we should include all that exists, both moving and nonmoving.


PURPORT

To protect His parents' intimate relationship with Him, Lord Kṛṣṇa stresses the oneness of all existence in this statement to His father, Vasudeva. Vasudeva had been reminded of his sons' greatness by hearing the sages gathered at Kurukṣetra. But his sense of awe was ruining his intimate parental relationship with Kṛṣṇa, and therefore Kṛṣṇa wanted to dispel it.

We should not misunderstand the "oneness" Lord Kṛṣṇa speaks of here. The subtle words of the Upaniṣads often mislead impersonalists into believing that all existence is ineffably one, without any variety in the ultimate issue. Some Upaniṣadic mantras emphasize the sameness of God and His creation, while others speak about their difference. Tat tvam asi śvetaketo ("You are that, O Śvetaketu"), for example, is an abheda-vākya, a mantra affirming that all things are one with God, being His dependent expansions. But the Upaniṣads also contain many bheda-vākyas, statements that affirm the unique, distinguishing qualities of the Supreme, such as this statement: ka evānyāt kaḥ prāṇyād yady eṣa ākāśa ānando na syāt, eṣa evānandayati. "Who would there be to activate the creation and give life to all beings if this infinite Supreme were not the original enjoyer? Indeed, He alone is the source of all pleasure." (Taittirīya Upaniṣad. 2.7.1) By the influence of the Supreme Lord's bewildering Māyā, envious impersonalists read the abheda-vākyas literally and accept the bheda-vākyas only in a figurative way. Authoritative Vaiṣṇava commentators, on the other hand, carefully reconcile the apparent contradictions in accordance with the interpretive principles of Vedic Mīmāṁsā and the logically established conclusions of Vedānta.



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