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SB 11.11.10

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His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


daivādhīne śarīre 'smin
guṇa-bhāvyena karmaṇā
vartamāno 'budhas tatra
kartāsmīti nibadhyate


daiva—of one's previous fruitive activities; adhīne—which is under the influence; śarīre—in the material body; asmin—in this; guṇa—by the modes of nature; bhāvyena—which are produced; karmaṇā—by fruitive activities; vartamānaḥ—being situated; abudhaḥ—one who is foolish; tatra—within the bodily functions; kartā—the doer; asmi—I am; iti—thus; nibadhyate—is bound up.

Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


An unintelligent person situated within the body created by his previous fruitive activities thinks, "I am the performer of action." Bewildered by false ego, such a foolish person is therefore bound up by fruitive activities, which are in fact carried out by the modes of nature.


As stated in Bhagavad-gītā (BG 3.27):

prakṛteḥ kriyamāṇāni
guṇaiḥ karmaṇi sarvaśaḥ
kartāham iti manyate

The living entity is dependent on the supreme entity, Lord Kṛṣṇa, but because of false pride he ignores the Supreme Personality of Godhead and considers himself to be the performer of action and enjoyer of everything. Śrīla Madhvācārya states that just as a king punishes a rebellious subject, the Supreme Lord punishes the sinful living entity by forcing him to transmigrate from one body to another in the network of the illusory energy.

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