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SB 12.3.21

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His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


tadā kriyā-tapo-niṣṭhā
nāti-hiṁsrā na lampaṭāḥ
trai-vargikās trayī-vṛddhā
varṇā brahmottarā nṛpa


tadā—then (in the Tretā age); kriyā—to ritualistic ceremonies; tapaḥ—and to penances; niṣṭhāḥ—devoted; na ati-hiṁsrāḥ—not excessively violent; na lampaṭāḥ—not wantonly desiring sense gratification; trai-vargikāḥ—interested in the three principles of religiosity, economic development and sense gratification; trayī—by the three Vedas; vṛddhāḥ—made prosperous; varṇāḥ—the four classes of society; brahma-uttarāḥ—mostly brāhmaṇas; nṛpa—O King.

Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


In the Tretā age people are devoted to ritual performances and severe austerities. They are not excessively violent or very lusty after sensual pleasure. Their interest lies primarily in religiosity, economic development and regulated sense gratification, and they achieve prosperity by following the prescriptions of the three Vedas. Although in this age society evolves into four separate classes, O King, most people are brāhmaṇas.

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