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SB 10.23.10-11

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His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda

TEXTS 10-11

deśaḥ kālaḥ pṛthag dravyaṁ
mantra-tantrartvijo 'gnayaḥ
devatā yajamānaś ca
kratur dharmaś ca yan-mayaḥ
taṁ brahma paramaṁ sākṣād
bhagavantam adhokṣajam
manuṣya-dṛṣṭyā duṣprajñā
martyātmāno na menire


deśaḥ—the place; kālaḥ—time; pṛthak dravyam—particular items of paraphernalia; mantra—Vedic hymns; tantra—prescribed rituals; ṛtvijaḥ—priests; agnayaḥ—sacrificial fires; devatāḥ—the presiding demigods; yajamānaḥ—the performer of the sacrifice; ca—and; kratuḥ—the offering; dharmaḥ—the invisible power of fruitive results; ca—and; yat—whom; mayaḥ—constituting; tam—Him; brahma paramam—the Supreme Absolute Truth; sākṣāt—directly manifest; bhagavantam—the Personality of Godhead; adhokṣajam—who is transcendental to material senses; manuṣya-dṛṣṭyā—seeing Him as an ordinary man; duṣprajñāḥ—perverted in their intelligence; martya-ātmānaḥ—falsely identifying themselves with the material body; na menire—they did not properly honor.

Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


Although the ingredients of sacrificial performance—the place, time, particular paraphernalia, mantras, rituals, priests, fires, demigods, performer, offering and the as yet unseen beneficial results—are all simply aspects of His opulences, the brāhmaṇas saw Lord Kṛṣṇa as an ordinary human because of their perverted intelligence. They failed to recognize that He is the Supreme Absolute Truth, the directly manifest Personality of Godhead, whom the material senses cannot ordinarily perceive. Thus bewildered by their false identification with the mortal body, they did not show Him proper respect.


The ritualistic brāhmaṇas could not understand why the sacrificial food should be offered to Lord Kṛṣṇa, whom they considered an ordinary human being. Just as a person with rose-colored glasses sees the entire world as rose-colored, a conditioned soul with mundane vision sees even God Himself as mundane and thus loses the opportunity to go back home, back to Godhead.

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