Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda
- mātaraṁ pitaraṁ vṛddhaṁ
- bhāryāṁ sādhvīṁ sutam śiśum
- guruṁ vipraṁ prapannaṁ ca
- kalpo 'bibhrac chvasan-mṛtaḥ
mātaram—one's mother; pitaram—and father; vṛddham—elderly; bhāryām—one's wife; sādhvīm—chaste; sutam—one's child; śiśum—very young; gurum—a spiritual master; vipram—a brāhmaṇa; prapannam—a person who has come to one for shelter; ca—and; kalpaḥ—able; abibhrat—not maintaining; śvasan—breathing; mṛtaḥ—dead.
Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda
A man who, though able to do so, fails to support his elderly parents, chaste wife, young child or spiritual master, or who neglects a brāhmaṇa or anyone who comes to him for shelter, is considered dead, though breathing.