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SB 10.60.15

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His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


yayor ātma-samaṁ vittaṁ
janmaiśvaryākṛtir bhavaḥ
tayor vivāho maitrī ca
nottamādhamayoḥ kvacit


yayoḥ—of which two; ātma-samam—equal to oneself; vittam—property; janma—birth; aiśvarya—influence; ākṛtiḥ—and physical appearance; bhavaḥ—posterity; tayoḥ—of them; vivāhaḥ—marriage; ca—and; na—not; uttama—of a superior; adhamayoḥ—and an inferior; kvacit—ever.

Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda


Marriage and friendship are proper between two people who are equal in terms of their wealth, birth, influence, physical appearance and capacity for good progeny, but never between a superior and an inferior.


Persons of superior and inferior qualities may live together in a relationship of master and servant or teacher and student, but marriage and friendship are proper only between those of equal status. The word bhava, in the context of marriage, indicates that a couple should have a similar capacity to produce good offspring.

Lord Kṛṣṇa here presents Himself as materially unqualified. In fact, the Lord does not have any material qualities: He lives in pure spiritual existence. Thus all the Lord's opulences are eternal and not of the flimsy mundane sort.

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