Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda
- pārthivānāṁ yutāyutaiḥ
dhānya—of grains; dāru—of wood (in the form of both ordinary objects and sacred utensils); asthi—bone (such as elephant tusks); tantūnām—and thread; rasa—of liquids (oil, ghee, etc.); taijasa—fiery objects (gold, etc.); carmaṇām—and skins; kāla—by time; vāyu—by air; agni—by fire; mṛt—by earth; toyaiḥ—and by water; pārthivānām—(also) of earthen objects (such as chariot wheels, mud, pots, bricks, etc.); yuta—in combination; ayutaiḥ—or separately.
Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda
Various objects such as grains, wooden utensils, things made of bone, thread, liquids, objects derived from fire, skins and earthy objects are all purified by time, by the wind, by fire, by earth and by water, either separately or in combination.
The word kāla, or "time," is mentioned here, since all purificatory processes take place within time.